Here’s an overview of how these taxes may work depending on your circumstances. Bear in mind that tax and super can be complex topics, so you may want to seek help from a taxation or financial adviser.
Taxation of superannuation death benefits
When someone dies, the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) advises that who their super balance gets paid out to will determine how the benefit is treated for tax purposes. More specifically, factors such as whether the beneficiary is a dependant or not, along with their age and whether they receive the benefit as a lump sum or income stream can play a part in determining how the benefit is taxed.
In addition, the ATO explains that a super death benefit can be made up of tax-free and taxable parts. MoneySmart clarifies that the tax-free component can include after-tax contributions and government co-contributions, whereas the taxable component can consist of things like employer contributions and salary sacrifice contributions.
While several different factors can influence how a superannuation death benefit is taxed, there are a handful of general rules to keep in mind, according to info available from the ATO:
- Payments to non-dependant beneficiaries of the deceased person can only be made in the form of a lump sum, whereas a dependant may receive either a lump-sum or income stream.
- If the benefit is paid to a non-dependant, generally the taxable portion of it will be subject to tax, regardless of the recipient or deceased person’s age.
- While a super death benefit paid to a dependant will generally be entirely tax-free if paid as a lump sum, it may be subject to tax if it’s paid as an income stream, although exceptions could apply in some situations.
It’s worth noting the ATO’s advice that super death benefits are typically paid based on the governing rules of the deceased’s super fund, not their will. However, it also states that an individual can potentially exert a higher level of control over who their super death benefit goes to once they die. Specifically, the ATO suggests you may be able to:
- Make a binding death nomination to ensure your super balance goes to the individual of your choice and is taxed accordingly, or
- Arrange to have the super balance placed in a superannuation proceeds trust.
You can compare super funds with Canstar to see if you can find a product based on your situation.
Taxation on other types of inheritance
As opposed to superannuation death benefits, other types of inheritance are normally distributed based on the deceased person’s will, according to MoneySmart. However, different types of inheritance can potentially be taxed differently. Here are a couple of examples of how it could work:
Taxation of inherited assets
The ATO advises that capital gains tax (CGT) is only paid in the event that an asset received from an estate is later sold. In this case, the ATO says you would potentially be required to pay CGT on the proceeds of the sale. However, if the estate’s executor sells an asset to someone else before distributing the proceeds to you, then this sale may attract CGT, unless an exemption applies.
Taxation of income derived from an estate
The ATO advises that any income you are entitled to and receive as a beneficiary of an estate is assessed as normal income, meaning that it could potentially increase the amount of income tax you have to pay. However, it is assessed in the year the entitlement arose, rather than the tax year in which you received the income. So, as the ATO explains, if you became entitled to the income in the 2017-18 financial year, but did not receive it until 2018-19, it would still be assessed as part of your income for the 2017-18 financial year.
Regardless of what stage of life you’re currently at, it may benefit you to seek expert advice and consider writing a will to specify how your estate and its proceeds are distributed.
Additionally, if you’re going to be a beneficiary of an estate, it may be worth seeking expert advice on how this could affect your tax affairs. And if you think you may soon become the executor of an estate, it may be prudent to seek legal advice on how to best distribute the assets.