This article explains what your preservation age is and what happens when you reach it.
What does preservation age mean?
Your preservation age is generally the age at which you can start to withdraw your super. However, you typically must also meet another condition of release, such as retiring from work or starting a transition to retirement. For example, a person who has reached their preservation age, but continues to earn an income from working may not be able to access their super unless they have started a transition to retirement income stream, according to the Australian Taxation Office (ATO).
What is my preservation age?
Your preservation age will be somewhere between 55 and 60, depending on when you were born.
|Date of birth||Preservation age|
|Before 1 July 1960||55|
|1 July 1960 – 30 June 1961||56|
|1 July 1961 – 30 June 1962||57|
|1 July 1962 – 30 June 1963||58|
|1 July 1963 – 30 June 1964||59|
|From 1 July 1964||60|
It’s worth noting that your preservation age is not the same as the age pension eligibility age, which is currently 66 and due to increase over the coming years.
How can I withdraw my super when I reach my preservation age?
When you reach your preservation age and meet a condition of release, the options for accessing your super include taking it as a super income stream, a transition to retirement income stream or a lump sum. You may also be able to opt for a combination of a lump sum and an income stream.
The methods available to you will depend on your circumstances, such as whether or not you continue to work. The way you access your super can have tax and other implications – such as potentially impacting on your transfer balance cap and your eligibility to receive government support, such as the age pension – so it may be worth speaking to a financial adviser before you start to withdraw funds.
Accessing super as an income stream
A super income stream is a regular payment made to you from your super savings. The payments do not need to be made at the same interval or at a set amount, but must be at least annual and made over an identifiable period of time, according to the ATO.
The main types of super income streams are:
Capped defined benefit income streams can be lifetime pensions (regardless of when they started) or lifetime annuities, life expectancy pensions and annuities, and market-linked pensions and annuities that existed prior to 1 July, 2017, the ATO explains.
There is a minimum amount your income stream provider must pay you each year as part of an income stream. This is set by the ATO based on a percentage of your total income stream balance and the minimum drawdown generally increases as you get older. If your income stream provider does not pay the minimum amount to you in a financial year, your income stream is deemed to have stopped and there may be tax implications, according to the ATO.
The rules are different for transition to retirement income streams. With this arrangement, you continue to work while drawing down part of your super, but there are restrictions on how much you can receive from your retirement savings each year.
Accessing super as a lump sum
If you have reached your preservation age and have met a condition of release, you can choose to withdraw your super as a lump sum, as long as your provider allows you to access your super this way. With a lump sum, all or part of your balance is paid to you in a one-off transaction.
If you withdraw a lump sum from your super, it is generally treated differently to funds that remain in super for tax purposes. For example, if you invest the lump sum funds you have withdrawn, any investment earnings may need to be declared in your tax return, the ATO says.
You cannot receive your super as a lump sum if you are transitioning to retirement.
Can you access your super before your preservation age?
It may be possible to access part of your super before you reach your preservation age, in limited circumstances with strict eligibility criteria. These may include:
- Withdrawing extra super contributions you have made to save for your first home, plus associated investment returns (First Home Super Saver Scheme)
- Accessing funds to help with severe financial hardship
- Accessing funds under compassionate grounds
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