Is superannuation paid on termination payments?

TAMIKA SEETO
Finance Journalist · 25 January 2021
Whether you’re resigning from your job or being made redundant, ending your employment is likely to be a big transition. During this period of time it can be useful to understand your rights around which types of termination payments will add to your superannuation.

While you are working, your employer must pay a percentage of your salary into your super account. Currently, as at January 2021, this is 9.5% of your ordinary time earnings (OTE). OTE is generally what you earn for your ordinary hours of work and it includes things like commissions, bonuses, allowances and annual leave.

So what about when your employment ends? Does your employer have to pay super on termination payments? The answer depends on what the termination payment is for. If the payment is classified as OTE, then super will be payable. Firstly, let’s take a look at what an employee termination payment actually is.

In this article:

What is an employee termination payment?

Employee termination payments will attract super contributions in limited circumstances. An employee termination payment (or ETP) is a lump sum payment made when a person’s employment ends. Termination could be for reasons such as redundancy, dismissal, resignation, retirement or death.

According to the Australian Taxation Office (ATO), ETPs can include:

  • Payments for unused sick leave and unused rostered days off
  • Payments in lieu of notice (this is when an employer does not give an employee notice of termination and instead pays the employee the amount they would have earned during the notice period)
  • A gratuity or ‘golden handshake’
  • Compensation for loss of job or wrongful dismissal
  • Genuine redundancy payments or early retirement scheme payments above the tax-free limit

The ATO says ETPs do not include:

  • Lump sum payments for unused annual leave or long service leave
  • The tax-free part of a genuine redundancy payment or early retirement scheme
  • Salary, wages, allowances, bonuses and incentives owed to the employee for work already done or leave already taken
  • Superannuation benefits
  • Termination payments from overseas employment

What termination payments do employers pay super on?

Super contributions are payable on an employee’s OTE. The ATO says employers must pay super contributions where an employee receives a termination payment in lieu of notice. These payments are considered part of an employee’s OTE because they are equivalent to the ordinary salary or wages an employee would have earned had their employment continued until the end of the notice period.

Whether an employer may make a lump sum payment instead of giving an employee notice will generally be stated in the relevant award and agreement or in the termination clause of the employee’s employment contract.


What termination payments don’t employers pay super on?

Many termination payments do not constitute an employee’s OTE and therefore do not qualify to receive super contributions. According to the ATO, lump sum termination payments for unused annual leave, unused long service leave and unused sick leave are not part of an employee’s OTE. Similarly, termination payments to compensate an employee for unfair dismissal and redundancy payments are not OTE. Therefore, none of these termination payments would attract super contributions.

Here’s a quick table to summarise a few different types of termination payments and whether employers typically must pay super on them:

Termination payment Superannuation payment?
Unused annual leave, long service leave or sick leave No
Redundancy payments No
Unfair dismissal payments No
Payments in lieu of notice Yes

Source: ATO


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Fee, performance and asset allocation information shown in the table above have been determined according to the investment profile in the Canstar Superannuation Star Ratings methodology that matches the age group specified above.


Cover image Source: lovelyday12/Shutterstock.com

This article was reviewed by our Deputy Editor Sean Callery and Finance & Lifestyle Editor Shay Waraker before it was published, as part of our fact-checking process.



About Tamika Seeto:

Tamika SeetoTamika Seeto is a Finance Journalist at Canstar. She joined the team after completing a Bachelor of Journalism and Bachelor of Laws (Honours) at QUT, and has past experience writing for a variety of publications across news, music and the arts. At Canstar, Tamika’s writing tackles everything from superannuation and insurance to the latest budgeting apps worth downloading. Tamika understands the world of finance can seem daunting at times, so she strives to break it down in a way that is easy to understand and relatable. You can follow Tamika on LinkedIn, and Canstar on Facebook.

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